smallarrows.GIF

156 syllabus      site index      3D artists      past student work        DMA

UV Mapping Polygons      by Eric Siu and Julieta Gil

Download these files.
PC: Right Mouse Extract All...

mental_ray02
UV Poly mapping Dice

Create a polygon cube Create->Polygon Primitive->Cube

Create a Blinn material in the Hypershade.     hypershade
Select  the Cube

Use the right mouse key over one of the shader balls to bring up the marking menu
Select Assign Material to Selection.

Double click the shader ball you just assigned.

Click the Map Button across from Color map_button.jpg
     Select the File icon texture_file_icon_create_render
          Change Filter Type to Off (less blurry)
          Choose an image texture_folder_icon
                It is best to keep your images in the scenes
directory for Maya.
                And keep a copy of your image in the Assets directory for Unity.
Hit 6 (shader display) to view the texture shaded on the model.

You will see you the texture is not mapping correctly. The dot on the dice are stretched and 2 faces on the side appeared as empty.

To fix this problem, you could select individual faces and assign individual texture, but that means you need 6 materials for one object, which is very inconvenient.
Here, we try to modify the UV mapping to solve the problem, and have the object use only one material.




Make sure the cube is selected, and open UV->UV Editor.




Dolly out
Right mouse key menu select UV




Marquee select all the UVs.

Note: all transform tools you use to move, rotate and scale objects apply to UV->UV Editor.

Or, click on Modify->Rotate->   (in the UV Editor)
     Enter 180 for the Rotation angle and click Apply.





Use the modeling scale manipulator to scale the UV in X and move to match up with the texture as shown below.  mscale

Now, the dots on the cube are no longer stretched, but we still have two faces missing.




Right click select Face
.
Use shift to select the top left face and right face.
In the UV->UV Editor menu bar select Cut/Sew->Cut
uvte_05



These two faces are now separate UV components.
uvte_06
Right click select Face, use shift to select both faces.

Select the Move Manipilator on the left  mmove

Change the pivot center by holding down the d
key and then v
Drag the Pivot to the lower left corner of the first face.

Use x to grid-snap the faces vertically down to the new location.



Now, you have a dice perfectly textured with a single material!






UV Poly mapping Bump Sign
Open sign_bump_undone.ma




Select all the frontal faces of the diamond shape include the bottom face hidden in the rectangle. You can press 4 to view wireframe select that face.




In the Modeling section
modeling_module

Select UV->Planar->
     Choose Fit Projection to:  Bounding box
     Choose Project from:  Z axis

After creating the planar mapping, you will see a manipulator (the bounding box), which allows you to move the UVs around the texture image.
Press 6 to show the texture to see the interactive changes when you play with the manipulator.
Use the handle and scale box to fit the bump sign to the diamond.




You can also move the manipulator in the UV->UV Editor.
Play around with the manipulator until the texture fit perfectly as below.




Select all the back face of the diamond including the faces of the border.
Create a Planar Mapping again, and fit the manipulator to the back metal texture as below (outer edge to the outer edge of the metal).




Now the edge UVs are overlapping, we have to unfold it.
Select only the back faces of the diamond (excluding the border).
In UV->UV Editor, Choose Select->Convert Selection-> to UVs.
Now, you have the UVs selected on the faces you had selected before.
Scale the UVs down to the inner edge of the border as below.
Repeat the process to the rectangle.




The back side of the rectangle




In Object mode, select the bolt on the diamond sign.
In UV->UV Editor, choose Select->Convert Selection->to UVs.




For the Bolt, you don't have to create a planar mapping, move and scale it to the bolt texture. Complete all 3 bolts.




Select the faces of the pole except the top and bottom faces.
In the Modeling section, in the menu bar, select UV->Cylindrical.
You will see the manipulator is different to the planar one. It is in a cylinder shape.
Zoom to the middle part of the manipulator.
Drag the scale handle to make a complete circle of cylindrical mapping.





Scale and move the manipulator in the UV->UV Editor to fit the UVs to the pole.




Select and create planar mapping to the top and bottom face of the pole separately.
Note: you should project from Y axis this time.










UV Poly mapping Car


Select the car body.
Open UV->UV Editor.
From the menu bar select Image->UV Snapshot
Click Browse to locate the destination of the UV snapshot image.




In Photoshop:
Open you snapshot tiff in Photoshop.
Go to Channels, select Alpha 1, and click the icon Load channel as selection.
Go to layer, add a new layer and fill it with blue.
Delete Alpha 1.
Now, for the fun part. You can drag on the wireframe to draw anywhere on the car body.






Save your texture as a psd file, name it as Citroen_color.psd
Note: you should hide the wireframe layer when you save the psd, otherwise it will appear on the car body.
Back to Maya assign the texture to the car body material.



Every time you edit and saved the image in Photoshop, you should press the Reload under the attribute of the texture to update the image.


Note: The UV mapping corresponds to any images assigned to the material of the object. ie. color, bump or specular map share the same UV coordinates.


smallarrows.GIF